The Galveston Hurricane- 1990

One early morning I awoke and heard a commotion. A hurricane was brewing in the Gulf of Mexico. I had been through a hurricane before so I thought it would be fine, but this storm was like no other that I had been in. From where I was standing I could hear the waves crashing onto buildings and the hurricane coming closer. I could remember hearing the people cry with worry; wondering if they would be okay. Unfortunately, most of them wouldn’t be fine. I had never seen such a storm. It was powerful, waiting for the right moment to tear our town apart. I stayed in my home because it was not that close to the shore. By mid- afternoon the hurricane swept buildings away, including the orphanage near the shore. I took cover in my house and prayed that no one would be hurt, but I knew there would be many deaths. After the storm died down, I went to see if any orphans had luckily survived. Only three children remained and everyone else got swept away. I helped the children and I volunteered to help carry dead bodies as well. Firefighters also helped carry the bodies away to burn them. We carried them away in wagons by the dozens. Many people had to do this and it was devastating to see so many of the people I know pass away at one time. This hurricane is a depressing remembrance of the damage it had done to our town and the loss of many lives. The warning of this hurricane was sketchy because of poor communication. Many people including me, weren’t worried because they had been through hurricanes before, but this hurricane was much worse than most people in Galveston had experienced. This storm has been called one of the worst in America’s history. Water flooded the streets and pieces of buildings lay on the ground. My brother, had a house much closer to shore. He told me that he first heard crashes of waves on his house, and soon it was breaking apart. Water rushed over his head and he felt himself being carried to the gulf. Pieces of wood scratched his skin from buildings and he felt as if he was going to die, like many others had. He said it was a like a miracle had happened as he swam through the water and found his way back to land. He and the other survivors realized how lucky they were when they saw the town. So many residents were drowned and injured. More than 6,000 men, women, and children were killed in this hurricane.

 

https://tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/ydg02

http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/galveston.htm

World War I- Chemical Weapons

Did you know that chemical weapons were first used in World War I? They were primarily used to injure and kill soldiers in trenches. One of the most gentle gasses was tear gas and one of the most severe was the mustard gas. Tear gasses were the first gasses to be used in battle and didn’t kill. They are called tear gasses because they irritate the eyes of soldiers.  Overall, tear gasses weren’t overly effective. The first harmful gas used in battle was chlorine. Soon, soldiers began wearing gas masks, making it nearly useless. Phosgene was the most deadly and effective gas used in World War I. This gas can allow a buildup of fluids in the lungs, leading to death. Because of all of these chemical weapons, World War I is sometimes called “the chemists’ war”. Death from gas can be described as slow but painful. Blindness, fever, pneumonia, and an elevated pulse are symptoms of being exposed to gas. Did you know that mustard gas caused victims to vomit, blister up, and have internal and external bleeding? These harmful chemicals are what people are referring to when they say that poison gas was used in the World War I. Chemical weapons played a big part in World War I and caused many deaths and injuries.

Story:  I am a 12 year old girl living in the time period of World War I. I am most afraid of chemical weapons. They can kill you and cause much harm to your body.  I’ve heard that it’s the first time they have used chemical weapons in battle! My father went to war and he is living in a trench, fighting for the allies. Sometimes I worry if he gets hurt because this war is like no other. There are chemical weapons, submarines, planes, and so many new technologies. The world is changing and the population is decreasing because of deaths. I can only hope that my family and I will be safe.

 

 

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https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chemical_weapons_in_World_War_I

http://www.compoundchem.com/2014/05/17/chemical-warfare-ww1/